Journal Article Successful balloon aortic valvuloplasty as a bridge therapy to transcatheter aortic valve implantation during the proctoring period

Yanagisawa, Hiromu  ,  Saito, Naritatsu  ,  Imai, Masao  ,  Minakata, Kenji  ,  Fujita, Takanari  ,  Watanabe, Shin  ,  Watanabe, Hirotoshi  ,  Yamazaki, Kazuhiro  ,  Toyota, Toshiaki  ,  Taniguchi, Tomohiko  ,  Tazaki, Junichi  ,  Shizuta, Satoshi  ,  Daijo, Hiroki  ,  Sakata, Ryuzo  ,  Kimura, Takeshi

12 ( 4 )  , pp.113 - 116 , 2015-10 , Elsevier Ltd.
In Japan, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with Edwards-SAPIEN XT valve (Edwards Lifesciences Inc., Irvine, CA, USA) started in October 2013. All institutions should undergo a training period to perform TAVI independently. Balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) as a bridge to TAVI during the training period should be performed with caution to avoid severe aortic regurgitation (AR) because bailout TAVI is not possible. We present a case in which BAV was successfully performed as a bridge to TAVI during the training period. The patient was an 85-year-old man with medically uncontrollable congestive heart failure due to severe aortic valve stenosis. The aortic valve area was 0.60 cm2 with a left ventricular ejection fraction of 20%. TAVI was considered a safe but high-risk strategy owing to the unstable hemodynamic condition. We chose BAV as a bridge therapy to TAVI. The aortic annulus diameter was 25.3 mm on computed tomography scans. We chose a 20-mm balloon catheter to avoid BAV-induced AR. Transfemoral TAVI was performed successfully 16 days after BAV using a 26-mm SAPIEN XT valve. The postoperative course was uneventful. The case demonstrated BAV as a bridge therapy to TAVI can be safely and effectively performed during the training period.

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