Journal Article High-efficiency polymer solar cells with small photon energy loss.

Kawashima, Kazuaki  ,  Tamai, Yasunari  ,  Ohkita, Hideo  ,  Osaka, Itaru  ,  Takimiya, Kazuo

62015-12-02 , Nature Publishing Group
有機薄膜太陽電池で飛躍的なエネルギー変換効率の向上が可能に --新材料開発で光エネルギー損失低減に成功--. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2015-12-03.
A crucial issue facing polymer-based solar cells is how to manage the energetics of the polymer/fullerene blends to maximize short-circuit current density and open-circuit voltage at the same time and thus the power conversion efficiency. Here we demonstrate that the use of a naphthobisoxadiazole-based polymer with a narrow bandgap of 1.52 eV leads to high open-circuit voltages of approximately 1 V and high-power conversion efficiencies of ∼9% in solar cells, resulting in photon energy loss as small as ∼0.5 eV, which is much smaller than that of typical polymer systems (0.7-1.0 eV). This is ascribed to the high external quantum efficiency for the systems with a very small energy offset for charge separation. These unconventional features of the present polymer system will inspire the field of polymer-based solar cells towards further improvement of power conversion efficiencies with both high short-circuit current density and open-circuit voltage.

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