Journal Article Efficient near-infrared up-conversion photoluminescence in carbon nanotubes

Akizuki, Naoto  ,  Aota, Shun  ,  Mouri, Shinichiro  ,  Matsuda, Kazunari  ,  Miyauchi, Yuhei

62015-11-16 , Nature Publishing Group
カーボンナノチューブの新しい光機能「アップコンバージョン発光」を発見 -生体組織内部の近赤外光イメージング応用に期待-. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2015-11-17.
Photoluminescence phenomena normally obey Stokes' law of luminescence according to which the emitted photon energy is typically lower than its excitation counterparts. Here we show that carbon nanotubes break this rule under one-photon excitation conditions. We found that the carbon nanotubes exhibit efficient near-infrared photoluminescence upon photoexcitation even at an energy lying >100-200 meV below that of the emission at room temperature. This apparently anomalous phenomenon is attributed to efficient one-phonon-assisted up-conversion processes resulting from unique excited-state dynamics emerging in an individual carbon nanotube with accidentally or intentionally embedded localized states. These findings may open new doors for energy harvesting, optoelectronics and deep-tissue photoluminescence imaging in the near-infrared optical range.

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