Journal Article Screening for IgG4-type anti-nuclear antibodies in IgG4-related disease.

Kiyama, Kazuhiro  ,  Yoshifuji, Hajime  ,  Kandou, Tsugumitsu  ,  Hosono, Yuji  ,  Kitagori, Koji  ,  Nakashima, Ran  ,  Imura, Yoshitaka  ,  Yukawa, Naoichiro  ,  Ohmura, Koichiro  ,  Fujii, Takao  ,  Kawabata, Daisuke  ,  Mimori, Tsuneyo

162015-05-28 , BioMed Central
[Background]Immunoglobulin (Ig) G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is characterized by elevated serum IgG4 and infiltration of IgG4+ plasma cells into multiple organs. It is not known whether serum IgG4 is autoreactive in IgG4-RD. [Methods]We measured anti-nuclear antibody (ANA) in 19 IgG4-RD cases, determined IgG subclasses of the ANA, and compared them with those of other systemic autoimmune diseases (systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren’s syndrome, systemic sclerosis, and polymyositis), using subclass-based ANA test (indirect immunofluorescence). [Results]58 % of IgG4-RD cases were ANA-positive (cut-off: 1:40). Whereas their subclass of ANA was predominantly IgG2, we observed no IgG4-type ANA. In systemic autoimmune diseases, subclasses of ANA were mostly IgG1, 2, or 3, but IgG4-type ANA was very rarely detected. We also found several patients in whose serum ANA patterns differed among IgG subclasses, probably due to the difference of corresponding autoantigens. [Conclusions]Although IgG4 is highly elevated in sera of IgG4-RD patients, their ANA do not include IgG4 subclass. These results offer new insight into the role of IgG4 and the pathogenesis of IgG4-RD, implying that each IgG subclass tends to cover its own spectrum of antigens, and IgG4 is not preferentially used to make ANA.

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