Departmental Bulletin Paper Transition of Agriculture towards Organic Farming in Bhutan

Kobayashi, Mai  ,  Chhetri, Rekha  ,  Fukamachi, Katsue

16pp.66 - 72 , 2015-03-28 , The Association for the Studies of Himalaya, Kyoto University ; Kyoto University Bhutan Friendship Program ; The Leading Graduate Program for Primatology and Wildlife Science, Kyoto University
特集1: 京都大学ブータン友好プログラム特集 = Special Issue 1: Contribution from the Kyoto Bhutan Friendship Program
Although Bhutan’s area is 38, 400 m[2] and small, it is said that approximately 10 feline species that sits on top of the ecological pyramid inhabit. It reflects the natural richness. However, the Royal Manas National Park adjacent to the Indian side is strongly affected by the neighboring country due to poaching, plant construction, and the territorial dispute closed around 2003 in India. This time, I visited the national park to observe the wild animals and three offices (Ministry of Agriculture and Forests, WWF Bhutan, and Royal Manas National Park) to discuss the biological research of felines. In the national park, a lot of species (58 mammals, 430 birds, and more than 900 plants) have been identified. In this time, I could observe five kinds of mammals and a lot of birds. Especially I often saw two kinds of langur in and around the national park. Despite the wealth of wild animals, I had never seen the animal’s roadkill in the total 36- hour driving time. From this visit, I could feel that the distance between Bhutanese people and animals is close and the preciousness of animal life is alive among them.

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