Departmental Bulletin Paper 中国新疆伊犁州における野生リンゴの保全活動
The Preservation of the Wild Apple in the Yili Region, Xinjiang, China

大石, 惇

16pp.224 - 233 , 2015-03-28 , 京都大学ヒマラヤ研究会; 京都大学ブータン友好プログラム; 京都大学霊長類学・ワイルドライフサイエンス・リーディング大学院
特集4: 雲南懇話会からの寄稿 = Special Issue 4: Contribution from the Yunnan Forum
It is one of the major eight origin places in the world called" the Central Asia center" by a"cultivatedplants origin theory" from China Xinjiang to Central Asia. It is considered as the origin place of important crops, such as an apple, a pear, a cherry, an almond, a walnut, and a Welsh onion. In addition, many medicinal herbs and some plants which can become garden prants exist. In 1992, Professor Atsushi Ooishi of Shizuoka University, Japan and Professor Lin Peijun of the Yili state Horticultural Research Institute, China have agreed to build" The Genetic Resources Preservation Center" to leave this precious genetic resource, seeing the primeval forest of the wild apple of Xinyuan by guidance of Prof. Lin Peijun. In 1999", The Genetic Resources Preservation Center" was completed in conjunction Japanese andChina. Preservation of vegetative germplasm is important for saving in a distant different place, in order to protect from a climatic disaster, a damage by blight and harmful insect , pathogen etc. However", in situ collection" in the natural environment of an origin place is indispensable to the research of the future, I think so as required absolutely. When" in situ collection" is not carried out, even if germplasm remains in a large amount, it becomes impossible to understand, a plant occurs out of what kind of environmental condition, and whether the species has born and changed. That is because the relationship between environmental condition and the foundation of vegetative generation research will be lost.

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