Journal Article Effectiveness of simplified 15-min refresher BLS training program: a randomized controlled trial.

Nishiyama, Chika  ,  Iwami, Taku  ,  Murakami, Yukiko  ,  Kitamura, Tetsuhisa  ,  Okamoto, Yoshio  ,  Marukawa, Seishiro  ,  Sakamoto, Tetsuya  ,  Kawamura, Takashi

90pp.56 - 60 , 2015-05 , Elsevier
[Objectives]To evaluate the long-term effectiveness of 15-min refresher basic life support (BLS) training following 45-min chest compression-only BLS training. [Methods]After the 45-min chest compression-only BLS training, the participants were randomly assigned to either the refresher BLS training group, which received a 15-min refresher training 6 months after the initial training (refresher training group), or to the control group, which did not receive refresher training. Participants’ resuscitation skills were evaluated by a 2-min case-based scenario test 1 year after the initial training. The primary outcome measure was the number of appropriate chest compressions during a 2-min test period. [Results]140 participants were enrolled and 112 of them completed this study. The number of appropriate chest compressions performed during the 2-min test period was significantly greater in the refresher training group (68.9 ± 72.3) than in the control group (36.3 ± 50.8,p = 0.009). Time without chest compressions was significantly shorter in the refresher training group (16.1 ± 2.1 s versus 26.9 ± 3.7 s, p < 0.001). There were no significant differences in time to chest compression (29.6 ± 16.7 s versus 34.4 ± 17.8 s, p = 0.172) and AED use between the groups. [Conclusions]A short-time refresher BLS training program 6 months after the initial training can help trainees retain chest compression skills for up to 1 year. Repeated BLS training, even if very short, would be adopted to keep acquired CPR quality optimal (UMIN-CTR UMIN 000004101).

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