||Performance improvement of the PD-based bilateral teleoperators with time delay by introducing relative D-control
Imaida, TakashiSenda, Kei
400 , 2015-03-23 , Taylor & Francis Group
In a force-reflecting bilateral teleoperator with a time delay, teleoperator stability is a serious problem. We have studied a bilateral teleoperator system with a time delay. We obtained stable conditions using proportional derivative-based (PD-based) control law. In this paper, PD-based control law is further studied. First, we study a PD control law with relative damping gain and its stabilizing effect that previously has not been studied quantitatively. A stable condition is derived with this PD-based controller with relative damping gain. Next, teleoperator performance by the PD control law with relative damping is evaluated and compared to PD control laws with only grounded damping using transparency analysis with a hybrid matrix. We showed that, the performance of the PD-based controller can be improved by introducing relative damping gain into the controller. As a controller design example, numerical simulations and 1-DOF experiments were conducted. Finally, peg-in-hole experiments and performance evaluations in realistic multi-DOF environments were conducted to demonstrate performance improvements by introducing the relative damping. A controller design that guarantees both stability and performance was achieved by iterating stable gain setting and performance evaluation.