Journal Article Thermal phase transition of generalized Heisenberg models for SU(N) spins on square and honeycomb lattices

Suzuki, Takafumi  ,  Harada, Kenji  ,  Matsuo, Haruhiko  ,  Todo, Synge  ,  Kawashima, Naoki

91 ( 9 ) 2015-03-16 , American Physical Society
We investigate thermal phase transitions to a valence-bond solid phase in SU(N) Heisenberg models with four- or six-body interactions on a square or honeycomb lattice, respectively. In both cases, a thermal phase transition occurs that is accompanied by rotational symmetry breaking of the lattice. We perform quantum Monte Carlo calculations in order to clarify the critical properties of the models. The estimated critical exponents indicate that the universality classes of the square- and honeycomb-lattice cases are identical to those of the classical XY model with a Z[4] symmetry-breaking field and the three-state Potts model, respectively. In the square-lattice case, the thermal exponent, ν, monotonically increases as the system approaches the quantum critical point, while the values of the critical exponents, η and γ/ν, remain constant. From a finite-size scaling analysis, we find that the system exhibits weak universality, because the Z[4] symmetry-breaking field is always marginal. In contrast, ν in the honeycomb-lattice case exhibits a constant value, even in the vicinity of the quantum critical point, because the Z[3] field remains relevant in the SU(3) and SU(4) cases.

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