Departmental Bulletin Paper <研究創案ノート>イスラエル・パレスチナ紛争の非対称な構造と占領政策 : 土地・空間と人口動態をめぐるポリティクス
<Research Notes>Asymmetrical Structure of Israeli Palestinian Conflict and Occupation Policy: Politics of Land/Space and Demographic Dynamics

山本, 健介

8pp.207 - 224 , 2015-03-16 , 京都大学大学院アジア・アフリカ地域研究研究科附属イスラーム地域研究センター
The Israeli Palestinian conflict has an unparalleled long history of conflicts in the modern era. With the passage of time and the change of interested actors, the structure of this conflict has changed. At first, it was perceived as an inter-state war and called an Arab Israeli conflict because of the lack of the presence of a Palestinian entity. However, after the Six-Day war (1967) and the start of Israeli occupation policy in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, the Palestinians became recognized as a united interested actor. This change produced the idea of a two-state solution, in an attempt to accomplish the coexistence of Israel and the independent state of Palestine. The Oslo Accords in 1993 were supposed to pave the way to this solution and present an outline for the peace negotiations. However, this approach to building a sovereign Palestinian state has not developed as planned and the expectations of realizing a ‘two-state' solution have been declining. Also, even after the Oslo Accords, the actual on-the-ground condition of the conflict has never been two states, but just "one Israeli controlled state." In this paper this is called "the one state condition, " which is characterized by the asymmetrical relation between Israel and the Palestinians. The aim of this paper is to comprehend the general structure of the Israeli Palestinian Conflict and to analyze the manner of Israeli occupation policies toward the Palestinians through the perspective of land/space and demographic dynamics.

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