Changes in the Industrial Structure of Taiwan: Determining Factors Considering the Effect of the Free Trade Agreement
加賀爪, 優鄧, 承安
38 , 2015-03-25 , 京都大学大学院農学研究科生物資源経済学専攻
Taiwan recently concluded a free trade agreement with several countries. Under this agreement, the final demands have significantly affected the Taiwanese economic structure. This paper analyzed the impact of the changes in the final demands on the country's industrial structures particularly from the perspective of the international liberalization movement. The following points were clarified. Although the electrical goods and optical mechanical sectors have traditionally maintained an influential relationship with macro-economic fluctuations, the growth potential of these sectors has begun to stagnate. However, the rural sectors have experienced potential growth circumstances under industrial structural change. Additionally, among the induced effects of the final demands, the demands derived from exports have shown greater induced effects on the manufacturing sectors such as electrical instruments, optical machines, and chemical medicines. The induced effects on the primary industry sectors, such as the rural industry, have been less significant. It is remarkable that the ratio of the induced effects by export demands has been increasing in most rural industries. From this perspective, this paper clarified that, in the future, the international movement of regional economic integration, characterized by FTA (Free Trade Agreement) and EPA (Economic Partnership Agreement), will continue to have an increasing impact on rural industries in Taiwan.