There are two types of “shi…de” constructions to express the a cause. One type of “shi…de” construction is used to explain the cause,and to describe a object that may not be a specific situation. The people who are speaking believe that it should be added to explain the situation. Another type of “shi…de”construction is used to explain the results that are formed as an affainment of a certain degree. This type of “shi…de” constructioncan be translated as a resultative complement. The cause of the explanation and the object of the description are the same stiuation.