Departmental Bulletin Paper 漁村地域に暮らす住民の食品摂取の多様性の実態と保健活動の方向性
The current state of Dietary variety and the effective health promotion among residents of a fishing village

齋藤, 智子  ,  成田, 太一  ,  小林, 恵子  ,  相馬, 幸恵  ,  児玉, 恵子  ,  秋山, 美香  ,  石井, 恭子  ,  Saito, Tomoko  ,  Narita, Taichi  ,  Kobayashi, Keiko  ,  Souma, Yukie  ,  Kodama, Keiko  ,  Akiyama, Mika  ,  Ishii, Kyoko

12 ( 1 )  , pp.21 - 28 , 2015-09 , 新潟大学医学部保健学科
This study aimed to clarify the state of Dietary variety among residents of a fishing village and investigate health-promotion in fishing regions where lifestyle resources are limited. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to 449 residents aged 20 years or older of district C in City B of Prefecture A. A total of 220 (49.0%) valid responses were received. The average dietary variety score was 3.63 (±2.27) points. Investigation of intake by types of food revealed that seafood was most often eaten and tubers and roots, seaweed, and fruit were not commonly eaten. Investigation by age indicated that subjects aged 65 years and older ate meat and oils and fats less frequently and those aged younger than 64 years ate fruit less frequently. Those who reported undergoing a health checkup the previous year frequently ate green and yellow vegetables and fruit and had high dietary variety scores. Residents of district C had lower dietary variety scores than those reported in previous studies, suggesting that they were eating a diet putting them at high risk of developing lifestyle diseases and requiring long-term care. It is important to provide support that allows residents to inherit a food culture that utilizes local farm and marine resources but demonstrates the need for and specific measures for a diet that is appropriate to their life stage, with health check-ups becoming opportunities to identify areas of their diet that can be improved.

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