紀要論文 漁村地域に暮らす住民の食品摂取の多様性の実態と保健活動の方向性
The current state of Dietary variety and the effective health promotion among residents of a fishing village

齋藤, 智子  ,  成田, 太一  ,  小林, 恵子  ,  相馬, 幸恵  ,  児玉, 恵子  ,  秋山, 美香  ,  石井, 恭子  ,  Saito, Tomoko  ,  Narita, Taichi  ,  Kobayashi, Keiko  ,  Souma, Yukie  ,  Kodama, Keiko  ,  Akiyama, Mika  ,  Ishii, Kyoko

12 ( 1 )  , pp.21 - 28 , 2015-09 , 新潟大学医学部保健学科
ISSN:2188-4617
NII書誌ID(NCID):AA12680484
内容記述
漁村に暮らす住民の食品摂取の多様性の実態を把握し,高齢化,過疎化が進み,身近な商業施設等の生活資源が限られた地域において食生活に焦点を当てた健康づくり・介護予防を推進する方策を検討することを目的とした。研究方法はA県B市C地区在住の20歳以上の住民449人を対象に自記式質問紙調査を実施した。有効回答数(率)220(49.0%)であった。食品摂取の多様性得点は平均3.63(±2.27)点。食品群別摂取状況では「魚介類」の摂取頻度が高い一方で「いも類」「海藻類」「くだもの」は低く,年齢別では65歳以上で「肉類」「油脂類」,64歳以下で「くだもの」の摂取頻度が低かった。前年健診受診有の人は「緑黄色野菜」「くだもの」の摂取頻度が高く,多様性得点も高かった。C地区は先行研究と比べ多様性得点が低く,生活習慣病や要介護リスクを高める食生活をしている可能性が推察された。地場の農水産資源を活用した食文化を継承しながらも,ライフステージに応じた食事の必要性とその具体策を提示するともに,健診を契機に食品摂取の改善に向けた支援を行う必要がある。
This study aimed to clarify the state of Dietary variety among residents of a fishing village and investigate health-promotion in fishing regions where lifestyle resources are limited. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to 449 residents aged 20 years or older of district C in City B of Prefecture A. A total of 220 (49.0%) valid responses were received. The average dietary variety score was 3.63 (±2.27) points. Investigation of intake by types of food revealed that seafood was most often eaten and tubers and roots, seaweed, and fruit were not commonly eaten. Investigation by age indicated that subjects aged 65 years and older ate meat and oils and fats less frequently and those aged younger than 64 years ate fruit less frequently. Those who reported undergoing a health checkup the previous year frequently ate green and yellow vegetables and fruit and had high dietary variety scores. Residents of district C had lower dietary variety scores than those reported in previous studies, suggesting that they were eating a diet putting them at high risk of developing lifestyle diseases and requiring long-term care. It is important to provide support that allows residents to inherit a food culture that utilizes local farm and marine resources but demonstrates the need for and specific measures for a diet that is appropriate to their life stage, with health check-ups becoming opportunities to identify areas of their diet that can be improved.
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http://dspace.lib.niigata-u.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/10191/38951/1/12(1)_21-28.pdf

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