Journal Article Host-produced ADAMTS4 Inhibits Early-Stage Tumor Growth

Asano, Keiichi  ,  Edamatsu, Midori  ,  F. Hatipoglu, Omer  ,  Inagaki, Junko  ,  Ono, Mitsuaki  ,  Ohtsuki, Takashi  ,  Oohashi, Toshitaka  ,  Hirohata, Satoshi

72 ( 3 )  , pp.257 - 266 , 2018-06 , Okayama University Medical School
Several research groups demonstrated that ‘a disintegrin-like and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motifs (ADAMTS)’-family proteases play roles in cancer progression. However, the origins and contributions of these proteases are not known. Here, we demonstrate an association between host-produced ADAMTS4 and early-stage tumor growth. Murine Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) tumors showed marked expressions of Adamts4 and Adamts5. We examined the contributions and distributions of host-derived Adamts4 and Adamts5 on tumor growth, using Adamts4LacZ/LacZ and Adamts5LacZ/LacZ knockout mice. Interestingly, the Adamts4LacZ/LacZ mice showed enhanced tumor growth compared to wild-type mice at 5-, 10- and 12-days post-inoculation, whereas the Adamts5LacZ/LacZ mice did not show significant differences in tumor growth. We next examined LacZ distribution in LLC tumor-bearing Adamts4LacZ/LacZ mice by β-galactosidase (β-gal) staining. We found that the β-gal-positive signals were strictly localized at the interior areas of the tumor at 10 days post-inoculation. Multiple staining demonstrated that most of the β-gal-positive cells were localized at the tumor vasculature in Adamts4LacZ/LacZ mice. Interestingly, β-gal-positive signals were not co-localized with biglycan after 10 days post-inoculation, excluding the biglycan cleavage by host-derived ADAMTS4. Taken together, these findings illustrate that host-derived ADAMTS4 was expressed at the tumor vessels and was associated with early-stage tumor growth.

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