Journal Article Total Hip Arthroplasty for Patients with Residual Poliomyelitis at a Mean Eight Years of Follow-up

Sonekatsu, Mayumi  ,  Sonohata, Motoki  ,  Kitajima, Masaru  ,  Kawano, Shunsuke  ,  Mawatari, Masaaki

72 ( 1 )  , pp.17 - 22 , 2018-02 , Okayama University Medical School
In patients with poliomyelitis, degenerative arthritis of the hip may be encountered in the paralytic or normal contralateral limb because of leg length discrepancy, pelvic obliquity, or severe deformities of the affected hip. Although total hip arthroplasty (THA) is one of the most common orthopedic procedures, there are few reports of THA in adult patients with residual poliomyelitis. From March 2001 to January 2011, 5 patients with residual poliomyelitis (6 hips) underwent THA using uncemented implants at our hospital. We retrospectively evaluated the Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) hip rating score, complications, and radiographs. All five patients’ follow-up information was available: 4.5 years minimum, 8.4 years average, range 4.5-15 years. Surgery was done at the same side of the paralytic limb in 2 hips and contralateral to the paralytic limb in four hips. All patients had pain relief and improvement in function; JOA hip rating score improved significantly from the mean of 45 preoperatively to 78 at the last follow-up (p=0.0313). There was no loosening or osteolysis in this series, and no cases of dislocation, infection or nerve palsy. These findings can contribute to decisions regarding treatment for arthritic hips in adults with residual poliomyelitis.

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