||A Randomized Controlled Trial of Short-term Toe Resistance Training to Improve Toe Pinch Force in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
Kataoka, Hiroaki ,
Miyatake, Nobuyuki ,
Murao, SatoshiTanaka, Satoshi
15 , 2018-02 , Okayama University Medical School
Resistance training is effective against type 2 diabetes (T2DM), but the effect of resistance training on toe pinch force (TPF) is unknown. Here we investigated the effect of short-term toe resistance training on TPF in patients with T2DM, in a prospective, parallel-group, single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Twelve patients with T2DM who were hospitalized to improve glycemic control were enrolled. The patients were randomly allocated to the intervention (n=6) and control (n=6) groups. The intervention group performed traditional aerobic exercise and 4 newly developed toe-resistance training exercises. The control group performed aerobic exercise only. After 2 weeks of the exercise intervention program, we evaluated anthropometric parameters, clinical parameters, motor function, and muscle parameters in each patient. After the exercise intervention program, the TPF and toe muscle quality, isometric knee extension force, and knee muscle quality were significantly higher in the intervention group compared to the control group. Two weeks of toe-resistance training significantly increased the TPF in the T2DM patients. Toe resistance training is thus recommended in clinical practice for patients with T2DM.