Journal Article Living Donor Liver Transplantation for Acute Liver Failure : Comparing Guidelines on the Prediction of Liver Transplantation

Yoshida, Kazuhiro  ,  Umeda, Yuzo  ,  Takaki, Akinobu  ,  Nagasaka, Takeshi  ,  Yoshida, Ryuichi  ,  Nobuoka, Daisuke  ,  Kuise, Takashi  ,  Takagi, Kosei  ,  Yasunaka, Tetsuya  ,  Okada, Hiroyuki  ,  Yagi, Takahito  ,  Fujiwara, Toshiyoshi

71 ( 5 )  , pp.381 - 390 , 2017-10 , Okayama University Medical School
Determining the indications for and timing of liver transplantation (LT) for acute liver failure (ALF) is essential. The King’s College Hospital (KCH) guidelines and Japanese guidelines are used to predict the need for LT and the outcomes in ALF. These guidelines’ accuracy when applied to ALF in different regional and etiological backgrounds may differ. Here we compared the accuracy of new (2010) Japanese guidelines that use a simple scoring system with the 1996 Japanese guidelines and the KCH criteria for living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). We retrospectively analyzed 24 adult ALF patients (18 acute type, 6 sub-acute type) who underwent LDLT in 1998-2009 at our institution. We assessed the accuracies of the 3 guidelines’ criteria for ALF. The overall 1-year survival rate was 87.5%. The new and previous Japanese guidelines were superior to the KCH criteria for accurately predicting LT for acute-type ALF (72% vs. 17%). The new Japanese guidelines could identify 13 acute-type ALF patients for LT, based on the timing of encephalopathy onset. Using the previous Japanese guidelines, although the same 13 acute-type ALF patients (72%) had indications for LT, only 4 patients were indicated at the 1st step, and it took an additional 5 days to decide the indication at the 2nd step in the other 9 cases. Our findings showed that the new Japanese guidelines can predict the indications for LT and provide a reliable alternative to the previous Japanese and KCH guidelines.

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