Journal Article An Analysis of the Characteristics and Improved Use of Newly Developed CT-based Navigation System in Total Hip Arthroplasty

Fujii, Yosuke  ,  Fujiwara, Kazuo  ,  Tetsunaga, Tomonori  ,  Miyake, Takamasa  ,  Yamada, Kazuki  ,  Endo, Hirosuke  ,  Abe, Nobuhiro  ,  Sugita, Naohiko  ,  Mitsuishi, Mamoru  ,  Inoue, Takayuki  ,  Nakashima, Yoshio  ,  Ozaki, Toshifumi

71 ( 4 )  , pp.279 - 289 , 2017-08 , Okayama University Medical School
We developed a surface matching-type computed tomography (CT)-based navigation system for total hip arthroplasty (the N-navi; TEIJIN NAKASHIMA MEDICAL, Okayama, Japan). In the registration step, surface matching was performed with digitizing points on the pelvic bone surface after coarse paired matching. In the present study, we made model bones from the CT data of patients whose acetabular shapes had various deformities. We measured the distances and angles after surface matching from the fiducial points and evaluated the ability to correct surface-matching registration on each pelvic form, using several areas and numbers of points. When the surface-matching points were taken on the superior area of the acetabulum, the correction was easy for the external direction, but it was difficult to correct for the anterior and proximal directions. The correction was difficult for external and proximal directions on the posterior area. Each area of surface-matching points has particular directions that are easily corrected and other directions that are difficult to correct. The shape of the pelvis also affected the correction ability. Our present findings suggest that checking the position after coarse paired matching and choosing the surface-matching area and points that are optimal to correct will improve the accuracy of total hip arthroplasty and reduce surgical times.

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