Journal Article The impact of chronic rhinosinusitis on long-term survival in lung transplantation recipients

Kariya, Shin  ,  Okano, Mitsuhiro  ,  Oto, Takahiro  ,  Higaki, Takaya  ,  Haruna, Takenori  ,  Noda, Yohei  ,  Nishizaki, Kazunori

137 ( 5 )  , pp.529 - 533 , 2017-05 , Taylor & Francis
CONCLUSIONS: Chronic rhinosinusitis diagnosed according to the European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps 2012, not by computed tomography alone, is one of the prognostic factors affecting long-term survival in patients with lung transplantation. Endoscopic sinus surgery might play a beneficial role in the management of lung transplantation recipients with chronic rhinosinusitis. OBJECTIVE: To show the effect of paranasal sinus infection on post-lung transplantation survival. METHOD: Lung transplantation recipients were included in this study. Computed tomography was performed before and after lung transplantation. The severity of chronic rhinosinusitis was evaluated by Lund-Mackay scoring system. The survival rate was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: One hundred and forty-eight patients received lung transplantation for various indications. Chronic rhinosinusitis was found in 18.9% (28/148) of the lung transplantation recipients. Of 28 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis, seven patients underwent endoscopic sinus surgery due to persistent post-nasal drip. The recipients with chronic rhinosinusitis who did not receive endoscopic sinus surgery (n = 21) showed a significantly lower survival rate as compared to the patients without chronic rhinosinusitis. There was no statistically significant difference in the survival rate between the recipients with (n = 50) and without (n = 98) paranasal sinus abnormality on computed tomography.

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