Journal Article The Downregulation of the Expression of CD147 by Tumor Suppressor REIC/Dkk-3, and Its Implication in Human Prostate Cancer Cell Growth Inhibition

Mori, Akihiro  ,  Watanabe, Masami  ,  Sadahira, Takuya  ,  Kobayashi, Yasuyuki  ,  Ariyoshi, Yuichi  ,  Ueki, Hideo  ,  Wada, Koichiro  ,  Ochiai, Kazuhiko  ,  Li, Shun-Ai  ,  Nasu, Yasutomo

71 ( 2 )  , pp.135 - 142 , 2017-04 , Okayama University Medical School
ISSN:0386-300X
NCID:AA00508441
Description
The cluster of differentiation 147 (CD147), also known as EMMPRIN, is a key molecule that promotes cancer progression. We previously developed an adenoviral vector encoding a tumor suppressor REIC/Dkk-3 gene (Ad-REIC) for cancer gene therapy. The therapeutic effects are based on suppressing the growth of cancer cells, but, the underlying molecular mechanism has not been fully clarified. To elucidate this mechanism, we investigated the effects of Ad-REIC on the expression of CD147 in LNCaP prostate cancer cells. Western blotting revealed that the expression of CD147 was significantly suppressed by Ad-REIC. Ad-REIC also suppressed the cell growth of LNCaP cells. Since other researchers have demonstrated that phosphorylated mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and c-Myc protein positively regulate the expression of CD147, we investigated the correlation between the CD147 level and the activation of MAPK and c-Myc expression. Unexpectedly, no positive correlation was observed between CD147 and its possible regulators, suggesting that another signaling pathway was involved in the downregulation of CD147. This is the first study to show the downregulation of CD147 by Ad-REIC in prostate cancer cells. At least some of the therapeutic effects of Ad-REIC may be due to the downregulation of the cancer-progression factor, CD147.
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http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/files/public/5/54982/20170412172636422379/71_2_135.pdf

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