||Prenatal Diagnosis of Interrupted Aortic Arch: Usefulness of Three-Vessel and Four-Chamber Views
Hirano, Yumika ,
Masuyama, Hisashi ,
Hayata, Kei ,
Eto, Eriko ,
Nobumoto, EtsukoHiramatsu, Yuji
491 , 2016-12 , Okayama University Medical School
Interrupted aortic arch (IAA) is fatal if not diagnosed. Prenatal diagnosis is helpful, but it is difficult to detect IAA and even more so to differentiate types A and B prenatally. Our objectives were to find a way to detect IAA using 2 views—three-vessel view (3VV) and four-chamber view (4CV)—and to differentiate between types A and B. We retrospectively analyzed fetal echocardiographic images and medical records of eight IAA patients. All eight patients had a ventricular septal defect (VSD) on 4CV. The aorta/main pulmonary artery (Ao/MPA) diameter ratio on 3VV was significantly low, which is characteristic of type B IAA. The left/right ventricular diameter (LV/RV) ratio on 4CV was 0.61± 0.17 for type A and almost 1.0 for type B. The thymus was not observed on 3VV in some type B IAA patients. These findings suggest that we could increase the number of prenatal diagnoses of IAA using the Ao/MPA ratio on 3VV and the presence of VSD on 4CV. Additionally, we could differentiate types A and B with the LV/RV ratio on 4CV, the Ao/MPA ratio, and the presence of a thymus on 3VV, which results in better management of IAA after birth.