Journal Article Diminished Gastric Resection Preserves Better Quality of Life in Patients with Early Gastric Cancer

Isozaki, Hiroshi  ,  Matsumoto, Sasau  ,  Murakami, Shigeki  ,  Takama, Takehiro  ,  Sho, Tatuo  ,  Ishihara, Kiyohiro  ,  Sakai, Kunihiko  ,  Takeda, Masanori  ,  Nakada, Koji  ,  Fujiwara, Toshiyoshi

70 ( 2 )  , pp.119 - 130 , 2016-04 , Okayama University Medical School
Using the Postgastrectomy Syndrome Assessment Scale (PGSAS)-45, we compared the surgical outcomes and the quality of life (QOL) between patients undergoing limited gastrectomies and those undergoing conventional gastrectomies. In Oomoto Hospital between January 2004 and December 2013, a total of 124 patients who met the eligibility criteria were enrolled. Using the main outcome measures of PGSAS-45, we compared 4 types of limited gastrectomy procedures (1/2 distal gastrectomy [1/2DG] in 21 patients; pylorus-preserving gastrectomy [PPG] in 15 patients; segmental gastrectomy [SG] in 26 patients; and local resection [LR] in 13 patients) with conventional gastrectomy (total gastrectomy [TG] in 24 patients and 2/3 or more distal gastrectomy [WDG] in 25 patients). The TG group showed the worst QOL in almost all items of the main outcome measures. The 1/2DG, PPG, and SG groups showed better QOL than the WDG group in many of the main outcome measures, including the body weight ratio, total symptom score, ingested amount of food per meal, and the dissatisfaction for daily life subscale. The LR group showed a better intake of food than the 1/2DG, PPG, and SG groups. The body weight ratio of the LR group was better than that of the SG group. Diminished gastric resection preserved better QOL in patients with early gastric cancer.

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