108 , 2016-01 , Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Okayama University
We study the Aharonov–Bohm effect (AB effect) in quantum resonances for magnetic scattering in two dimensions. The system consists of four scatters, two obstacles and two scalar potentials with compact support, which are largely separated from one another. The obstacles by which the magnetic fields are completely shielded are vertically placed between the supports of the two potentials. The system yields a two dimensional model of a toroidal scattering system in three dimensions. The resonances are shown to be generated near the real axis by the trajectories trapped between two supports of the scalar potentials as the distances between the scatterers go to infinity. We analyze how the AB effect influences the location of resonances. The result heavily depends on the width between the two obstacles as well as on the magnetic fluxes. The critical case is that the width is comparable to the square root of the distance between the supports of the two potentials.