Journal Article Contrast-enhanced Computed Tomography Screening Is Effective for Detecting Venous Thromboembolism not Prevented by Prophylaxis after Total Knee Arthroplasty

Okada, Yukimasa  ,  Furumatsu, Takayuki  ,  Miyazawa, Shinichi  ,  Tanaka, Takaaki  ,  Fujii, Masataka  ,  Ozaki, Toshifumi  ,  Abe, Nobuhiro

69 ( 6 )  , pp.355 - 359 , 2015-12 , Okayama University Medical School
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a potential complication occurring after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We investigated the incidence of VTE after TKA using contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT), and assessed the efficacy of VTE prophylaxis (fondaparinux and enoxaparin). At our hospital, 189 patients (225 knees) underwent TKA between April 2007 and October 2011. The 225 knees were divided into a control group with no VTE prophylaxis (31 cases), a fondaparinux group (107 cases), and an enoxaparin group (87 cases). Contrast-enhanced CT screening for VTE was performed in all cases on day 5 or 6 after TKA. D-dimer levels were measured on day 5 after TKA, and were significantly lower in the fondaparinux (9.8±3.8) and enoxaparin groups (9.4±4.9) than in the control group (15.6±9.8) (p<0.001). However, no statistically significant difference in the incidence of VTE was observed among the groups (control, 61.3%;fondaparinux, 49.5%;enoxaparin, 50.6%). Prophylaxis was not effective for the prevention of VTE as detected by contrast-enhanced CT after TKA. CT should be performed after TKA, even when VTE prophylaxis is used.

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