Journal Article Paecilomyces lilacinus-induced Scleritis Following Bleb-associated Endophthalmitis after Trabeculectomy

Narita, Akiko  ,  Seguchi, Jiro  ,  Shiraga, Fumio

69 ( 5 )  , pp.313 - 318 , 2015-10 , Okayama University Medical School
Paecilomyces lilacinus (P. lilacinus) is a rare cause of fungal scleritis. We herein report a case of P. lilacinus-induced scleritis following bleb-associated endophthalmitis after trabeculectomy that was successfully treated with surgical excision of the affected sclera in combination with antifungal medication. An 85-year-old female underwent trabeculectomy of the left eye. A dellen formed in the corneal periphery due to limbal elevation of the filtering bleb and progressed to an infectious corneal ulcer, leading to blebitis. Eight days after the onset of blebitis, the patient was diagnosed with endophthalmitis, which resolved after vitrectomy. The growth of P. lilacinus was identified on swabs of the conjunctiva and the corneal specimen. Scleritis developed after the resolution of the endophthalmitis, and an early excision of the affected sclera, in addition to antifungal medication, resolved it completely. However, the scleritis recurred in a different region of the left eye. After 7 months of antifungal medication, the left eye showed no residual infection. When treating P. lilacinus-induced scleritis, surgical excision of the affected sclera has been shown to be an effective treatment strategy. Nevertheless, it is possible that the infection may recur in another part of the eyeball after the complete resolution of the primary lesion.

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