Departmental Bulletin Paper Evaluating structual change in Korea from the perspective of family farm
家族農業経営を通してみる韓国農業の構造変化

LEE, Jaehyeon  ,  李, 哉泫

65pp.25 - 33 , 2015-03-30 , 鹿児島大学 , カゴシマ ダイガク , Kagoshima University
ISSN:04530845
NCID:AN00040603
Description
This paper aims to evaluate the structural changes of family farms in Korea. In an attempt to reach this evaluation, data from the Agricultural Census on production behaviors of family farms was examined by focusing on how they manage to procure input resources and how they run their operations. In addition, several other issues were addresses, such as the family system, the governance of rural communities, industrialization processes, family cycles and the tax system on farmers as a basic transaction enviornment that may affect farmers' management decisions; including the form of business enterprises they undertake. In Korea, farmlands are not owned by particular farmers, nor are they owned over a long period of time through inheritance. There are virtually no communal constraints on the transactions of leased farmlands. Furthermore, even at the present time, Korean farmers have access to a broader labor market far beyond their community boundaries when in need of additional labor or custom farm services. Under these circumstances, new farmers continually enter and exit farming. If there is a mechanism in the replacement of farmers based on the family cycle where the incoming farmers replace the outgoing ones, the conclusion is that, unless appropriate policy measures are implemented, large-scale farmers will not maintain or expand their size further and that small-scale family farmers will continue to be in the majority.
本研究は、韓国の家族農業経営を通して、韓国農業の構造変化を展望したものである。分析に当っては、一つに、農業センサスにより、経営資源および生産手段の所有と利用をめぐって、韓国の家族農業経営は、企業組織による内部取引より市場取引を選好していることを確認した。不達に、社会的慣習もしくは取引環境としての家族制度、農村コミュニティのガバナンス構図、産業化のプロセス、租税制度は、農業への参入、経営資源や生産手段の市場取引を妨げる要因ではないことを論証した。このような分析により、農業への参入制限がなく、かつ経営資源や生産手段を各々の市場から自由に調達できる取引環境の下では、企業的経営による農地の蓄積や経営管理の高度化は進まず、零細農家が大部分を占める農業構造に大きな変化は期待できないという結論を導いた。
Full-Text

http://ir.kagoshima-u.ac.jp/bitstream/10232/27122/2/No. 65_p25-33.pdf

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