Departmental Bulletin Paper マイクロ水力発電の利用による農村コミュニティビジネスの可能性 : 霧島市溝辺町竹子地区農産物販売所「きらく館」に於ける事例研究
マイクロ スイリョク ハツデン ノ リヨウ ニヨル ノウソン コミュニティ ビジネス ノ カノウセイ : キリシマシ ミゾベチョウ タカゼチク ノウサンブツ ハンバイショ 「キラクカン」 ニオケル ジレイ ケンキュウ
Reviving small community businesses by micro hydropower in farming villages: Case study of Kirakukan, a store in Takaze, a local farming village

岩川, 直浩  ,  イワカワ, ナオヒロ  ,  IWAKAWA, Naohiro

12pp.1 - 14 , 2015-03-27 , 鹿児島大学 , カゴシマ ダイガク , Kagoshima University
This study’s purpose is to clarify the possibility of the profitably and sustainably running community businesses by using micro hydropower in farming villages. Ageing has led to a sharp decrease of the farming population and areas of abandoned fields are steadily increasing in rural districts. In addition, the young have been leaving and companies have pulled out of such areas, leading to a decline of rural communities. These facts can be observed in Takaze, a rural area in Kagoshima Prefecture, in which the number of shops hasdecreased and the elderly inhabitants there who may be limited in their movement have difficulty shopping.  In this context and in corporation with Kirakukan, a store selling local products in Takaze I carried out a project to deliver many types of food especially for old people and to confirm their safety. In order to deliver for free, we used an electric vehicle charged through a micro hydropower generator we set up in the area. As a result, excluding elderly people living alone, firms, public offices, usual families and so on accounted for 84%of sales. As solitary old people need this business most and the rest of the community largely support the sales of this business, it can be explained that this business model is a system where the strong indirectly support the weak. On the other hand, there remains the problem that the cost of setting up the generator etc. leads to the fact that this model is not profitable, but it will be able to meet social demands.

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