Departmental Bulletin Paper 英語教育における流暢さと即興力の育成 ── 中学生の話すことにおける意識の一考察 ──
The Development of Fluency and Impromptu Skill in English Education: A Study of Junior High School Students’ Awareness

上原, 景子  ,  UEHARA, Keiko  ,  ウエハラ, ケイコ  ,  山田, 敏幸  ,  YAMADA, Toshiyuki  ,  ヤマダ, トシユキ  ,  フーゲンブーム, レイモンド B.  ,  HOOGENBOOM, Raymond B.  ,  遠藤, 直哉  ,  ENDO, Naoya  ,  エンドウ, ナオヤ

67pp.177 - 196 , 2018-01-31 , 群馬大学教育学部
The major goals of this study are to examine junior high school students’ awareness of fluency andimpromptu skill in terms of speaking in English as a Foreign Language (hereafter, EFL) and to consider what todo, by way of future research and creation of daily lessons, in order to raise awareness and to develop theirpractical speaking abilities. Recent Japanese EFL education (see MEXT 2017a-e) emphasizes that developinglearners’ fluency and impromptu skill is particularly important. This is because traditional Japanese EFLeducation has focused on acquisition of grammar, drawing learners’ attention to individual forms rather than tomeaning. Problematic outcomes of such an approach are tendencies for learners to comprehend texts/utterancesin a heavy bottom-up manner and to refrain from speaking/writing without confirming that what they are about tosay/write is grammatically correct. In this study, 419 junior high school students in 1st to 3rd grades respondedto a short paper-and-pencil questionnaire that examined their awareness of fluency and impromptu skill in EFLspeaking. Results of analyses showed a significant difference in awareness of impromptu skill between 1st and2nd grades and between 1st and 3rd grades, whereas no significant differences were found in awareness of fluencybetween these three grades. Moreover, results of analyses showed no correlation between 1st graders’ mid-term/final exam scores and their awareness of fluency/impromptu skill, but showed a correlation between 2nd graders’final exam scores and their awareness of fluency and between 2nd graders’ final exam scores and their awarenessof impromptu skill. Based on this and other information obtained in the study, we consider issues for futureresearch and creation of classroom activities that develop fluency and impromptu skill in Japanese EFL education.

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