||Autologous adipose-derived stem cell sheets enhance the strength of intestinal anastomosis
33 , 2017-09-06 , The Japanese Society for Regenerative Medicine
Objective: Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) are capable of multiple differentiation pathways, imparting immunomodulatory effects, and secreting factors that are important for wound healing. These characteristics can be exploited to decrease the incidence of anastomotic leakage. Methods: In order to delay local wound healing at the anastomotic site, we induced ischemia in a portion of porcine small intestine by ligating vessels. Then, we injected mitomycin C into the serosa of the small intestine above the ligated vessels. Anastomotic sites were created by 2 cm incisions made in the opposite mesenteric area. ASCs were isolated from the porcine subcutaneous fat tissues and expanded under culture conditions. ASCs were trypsinized and seeded on temperature-responsive dishes and cultured to form confluent sheets. Three ASC sheets were transplanted onto the serous membrane after suturing. The extent of anastomotic wound healing was evaluated by bursting pressure, hydroxyproline content, and mRNA expression of collagen-1 alpha1 and collagen-3 alpha1. Results: We found that transplantation of ASC sheets increased anastomotic site bursting pressure. Additionally, transplantation of ASC sheets increased the hydroxyproline content of the anastomoses. Furthermore, transplantation of ASC sheets increased mRNA expression of collagen-1 alpha1 and collagen-3 alpha1.
Conclusions: Our findings showed that transplantation of autologous ASC sheets enhanced collagen synthesis and anastomotic strength. Further studies are necessary to identify substances that, in combination with ASC sheets, might enhance collagen synthesis and healing in sites of anastomosis.