||Comparison of opportunities to learn about HTLV-1/HTLV-1-related diseases and HIV/AIDS among nursing students in Nagasaki University
Tanaka, Junichi ,
Nishihara, Mika ,
Izuno, Rika ,
Okada, Misa ,
Mori, FukaOhnishi, Mayumi
72 , 2017-01 , 長崎大学大学院医歯薬学総合研究科保健学専攻
Aim : This study was performed to evaluate the means by which nursing students in one area of the Kyushu/Okinawa region, Japan, obtained information regarding human T-cell leukemia virus type 1（HTLV-1）/HTLV-1-related diseases in comparison with human immunodeficiency virus（ HIV）/acquired
immune deficiency syndrome（ AIDS）.
Methods : A self-administered anonymous structured questionnaire survey was conducted in August 2014 among 79 nursing students in their 4th year of study at Nagasaki University in the Kyushu/Okinawa
region, Japan. The questionnaire elicited responses related to sources of information regarding HTLV-1/HTLV-1-related diseases and HIV/AIDS when the study participants were in junior high school, high school, and university.
Results : A total of 60（ 75.9%）participants completed the questionnaire. All participants had opportunities to obtain information regarding HIV/AIDS between junior high school and the last 2 years of university.However, five（ 8.3%） participants reported having had no chances to obtain information regarding
HTLV-1/HTLV-1-related diseases in any period. The participants with greater numbers of formal and informal information sources regarding HTLV-1/HTLV-1-related diseases in the junior high school and
high school periods and of formal information sources in the university period also had greater numbers of informal information sources regarding HTLV-1/HTLV-1-related diseases in the university period
（rs = 0.286, P = 0.027; rs = 0.384, P = 0.002; rs = 0.477, P < 0.001, respectively）.
Conclusions : Due to the prevalence of HTLV-1 infection in Japan, education related to this virus should be provided from an early age, e.g., as part of compulsory education in junior high school. Accumulation
of educational input, including early exposure, can develop a readiness among nursing students to learn about HTLV-1 infection.