Bone Regeneration Using Dentin Matrix Depends on the Degree of Demineralization and Particle SizeBone Regeneration Using Dentin Matrix Depends on the Degree of Demineralization and Particle Size 脱灰象牙質の脱灰程度と顆粒の大きさの違いが骨再生に与える影響
, p.e0147235 , 2016-03-18 , Public Library of Science
Objectives: This study aimed to examine the influence of particle size and extent of demineralization of dentin matrix on bone regeneration. Materials and Methods: Extracted human teeth were pulverized and divided into 3 groups according to particle size; 200, 500, and 1000 μm. Each group was divided into 3 groups depending on the extent of demineralization; undemineralized dentin (UDD), partially demineralized dentin matrix (PDDM), and completely demineralized dentin matrix (CDDM). The dentin sample was
implanted into rat calvarial bone defects. After 4 and 8 weeks, the bone regeneration was evaluated with micro-CT images, histomorphometric and immunohistochemical analyses. Osteoblasts were cultured on UDD and DDM to evaluate the cell attachment using electron microscope. Results: Micro-CT images and histological observation revealed that CDDM had largely resorbed but UDD had not, and both of them induced little bone formation, whereas all particle sizes of PDDM induced more new bone, especially the 1000 μm. Electron microscopic observation
showed osteoblasts attached to DDM but not to UDD. Conclusions: PDDM with larger particle size induced prominent bone regeneration, probably because PDDM possessed a suitable surface for cell attachment. There might be an exquisite balance between its resorption and bone formation on it. PDDM could be considered as a potential bone substitute.
Nagasaki University (長崎大学), 博士(歯学) (2016-03-18) 19326203
(C) Koga et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.