||Trabecular microfractures in the femoral head with osteoporosis: Analysis of microcallus formations by synchrotron radiation micro CT
87 , 2016-03-09 , Elsevier Inc.
Trabecular bone microfracture pathogenesis and associated healing processes are not well understood. We analyzed the microcalluses that form subsequent to microfractures in patients with osteoporosis (OP) using synchrotron radiation micro CT (SRCT).
Subchondral bone columns were extracted from the femoral heads of 11 female patients with a femoral neck fracture. SRCT scanning was performed with 5.9 × 5.9 × 5.9 μm3 voxel size and the microcallus number was measured in a 5-mm cubic subchondral bone region. The trabecular bone microstructure was measured and its relationship to the microcallus number was analyzed. In addition, the degree of mineralization of the microcallus region and that of the rest of the trabecular bone were measured and compared.
Microcallus formations were detected in all cases, with a mean microcallus number of 4.9 (range, 2-11). The microcallus number had a significantly negative correlation with bone volume fraction (BV/TV), trabecular thickness (Tb.Th), and degree of mineralization, and had a positive correlation with specific bone surface (BS/BV). The degree of mineralization of the microcallus region was lower than that of the rest of the trabecular bone and had a wider range of values.
Microcallus formations were frequently detected in patients with OP, and more prevalent in the bone with thinner trabeculae, suggesting microfractures might occur due to activities of daily living as the OP progresses. The degree of mineralization of microcallus might represent the process of bone healing from immature woven bone to mature trabecular bone.