紀要論文 T町在住の高齢者の生活満足度を規定する要因

西村, 茉桜  ,  橋口, 美香  ,  川村, 和史  ,  平野, 裕子

28pp.9 - 19 , 2016-01 , 長崎大学大学院医歯薬学総合研究科保健学専攻
ISSN:18814441
内容記述
目的:本研究では,T町在住の高齢者を対象とし,基本属性,精神的自立度,健康関連QOL,社会的孤立 度,地域との関わり(自治会活動への参加頻度等)がどのように生活満足度を規定するかを明らかにする. 方法:T町自治会に加入する60歳以上の住民計293名に自記式無記名調査票(GHQ-12,SF-8 等の項目を含 む)を配布し,調査票を同封した返信用封筒にて郵送法で回収した.分析方法として,t検定,Pearsonの積率相関係数,重回帰分析を用いた. 結果:回収数は145名であった.本研究の結果,精神的自立度(β=-.295,p<0.001),社会的孤立度(β=-.217,p<0.05),体の痛み(β=-.190,p<0.05)の順で生活満足度を強く規定していた.地域との関わりは生活満足度を有意に規定していなかった. 結論:本研究では,社会的孤立度が生活満足度を規定する要因であることが示された.地域との関わりが高い者ほど社会的孤立度が低いという有意な相関がみられたことから,社会的孤立は,表面的・形式的な付き合いだけではなく,地域で個人的に相互関係が持てる友達を作ることで改善され得る.従って,地域を基盤とした人間関係を取り結ぶことで,T町の高齢者の生活満足度を上げていくことに資すると思われる.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a prediction model of life satisfaction of elderly residents in the T housing complex. Methods: An anonymous questionnaire, including life satisfaction, social demographic characteristics, degree of mental independence, health-related QOL, degree of social isolation, and degree of relationship with the local community was developed and distributed to 293 residents older than 60 years of age living in the T housing complex who are members of the residents' association. The questionnaire was distributed through the resident's association and returned by mail.  The t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple linear regression analysis were conducted for the data analysis. Results: The findings suggested that the strongest predictor of life satisfaction was the degree of mental independence( β=-0.295, p<0.001). The more mentally independent the patient was, the higher the life satisfaction score. This was followed by the degree of social isolation( β=-0.217, p<0.05), which indicated that the lower the degree of social isolation, the better the life satisfaction score, and physical pain( β=-0.190, p<0.05), which indicated that the lesser the respondent experienced physical pain, the better the life satisfaction score. The degree of relationship with the local community was not identified to be a significant predictor in this model. Conclusion: In this study, the life satisfaction of the respondents was predicted not only by healthrelated factors, but also by the degree of social isolation. According to the negative association between the degree of relationship with the local community and social isolation, we speculate that social isolation may be improved by obtaining more friends with whom an elderly individual can personally contact within the community. This may improve the life satisfaction of the elderly residents in the T housing complex.
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http://naosite.lb.nagasaki-u.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/10069/36175/1/hokenn28_9.pdf

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