Journal Article Post-conflict affiliation as conflict management in captive bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)

Yamamoto, Chisato  ,  Morisaka, Tadamichi  ,  Furuta, Keisuke  ,  Ishibashi, Toshiaki  ,  Yoshida, Akihiko  ,  Taki, Michihiro  ,  Mori, Yoshihisa  ,  Amano, Masao

5p.14275 , 2015-09-22 , Nature Publishing Group
Post-conflict affiliation between former opponents or between one of the former opponents and bystanders might have the function of conflict management, which reduces the costs associated with aggressions. One of the suggested functions of post-conflict affiliation is decreased renewed aggressions directed from aggressors to victims. However, the effect of post-conflict affiliation on renewed aggressions by victims has not been investigated. We examined whether post-conflict affiliations decreased the number of renewed aggressions initiated by winners or losers in captive bottlenose dolphins. Both winners and losers initiated renewed aggressions. However, these aggressions decreased after post-conflict affiliation between former opponents, initiated by bystanders to winners, initiated by losers to bystanders, and initiated by bystanders to losers. Post-conflict affiliation between former opponents is suggested to function as reconciliation. Post-conflict affiliation initiated by losers to bystanders is suggested to function as the protection of losers. Post-conflict affiliations initiated by bystanders to one of former opponents are suggested to function as both appeasement and protection of the opponent who affiliates with bystanders.

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