Journal Article Effects of Vertical Movement of the Anterior Nasal Spine on the Maxillary Stability After LeFort I Osteotomy for Pitch Correction

Ohba, Seigo  ,  Nakao, Noriko  ,  Nakatani, Yuya  ,  Yoshimura, Hitoshi  ,  Minamizato, Tokutaro  ,  Kawasaki, Takako  ,  Yoshida, Noriaki  ,  Sano, Kazuo  ,  Asahina, Izumi

26 ( 6 )  , pp.e481 - e485 , 2015-09 , Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
Few reports have so far evaluated the maxillary stability after LeFort I osteotomy (L-1) for pitch correction. In the current study, the authors assessed the SN-PP (palatal plane) to evaluate the skeletal stability after osteotomy with clockwise or counter-clockwise rotation and investigated the effects of anterior nasal spine (ANS) and posterior nasal spine (PNS) movement on the stability of the SN-PP. The SN-PP and the positions of ANS, PNS, and point A were measured on lateral cephalograms before surgery (T1), immediately after surgery (T2), and more than 1 year after surgery (T3). All measured angle and points were stable in 4 cases of counterclockwise rotation. In the 16 cases of clockwise rotation, T3-T2 of SN-PP, ANS, and point A was ≥2.058 ≥2.56 mm, and ≥1.64 mm, when the SN-PP increased more than 48 after osteotomy. When the ANS moved downward more than 3 mm, the ANS and point A relapsed significantly by 2.75 and 2.31 mm, while the SN-PP relapsed 1.618 more than 1 year after surgery. When the SN-PP increased by more than 48 or the ANS moved downward by more than 3 mm, the authors suggest shifting the PNS upward instead of moving the ANS downward.

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