Journal Article Fluorometric assay for phenotypic differentiation of drug-resistant HIV mutants

Zhu, Qinchang  ,  Yu, Zhiqiang  ,  Kabashima, Tsutomu  ,  Yin, Sheng  ,  Dragusha, Shpend  ,  El-Mahdy, Ahmed F. M.  ,  Ejupi, Valon  ,  Shibata, Takayuki  ,  Kai, Masaaki

5p.10323 , 2015-05-19 , Nature Publishing Group
Convenient drug-resistance testing of viral mutants is indispensable to effective treatment of viral infection. We developed a novel fluorometric assay for phenotypic differentiation of drug-resistant mutants of human immunodeficiency virus-I protease (HIV-PR) which uses enzymatic and peptide-specific fluorescence (FL) reactions and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) of three HIV-PR substrates. This assay protocol enables use of non-purified enzyme sources and multiple substrates for the enzymatic reaction. In this study, susceptibility of HIV mutations to drugs was evaluated by selective formation of three FL products after the enzymatic HIV-PR reaction. This proof-of-concept study indicates that the present HPLC-FL method could be an alternative to current phenotypic assays for the evaluation of HIV drug resistance.

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