Journal Article Spontaneous Spiral Dissection of Left Internal Thoracic Artery Graft Combined Assessment by Optical Coherence Tomography and Intravascular Ultrasound

Koga, Seiji  ,  Ikeda, Satoshi  ,  Nakata, Tomoo  ,  Maemura, Koji

56 ( 3 )  , pp.360 - 362 , 2015-05-13 , インターナショナル・ハート・ジャーナル刊行会
The left internal thoracic artery (LITA) is considered the most reliable coronary artery bypass grafting conduit due to its high rate of long-term patency. LITA grafts are extremely durable and associated complications are infrequent. We present a case with spontaneous spiral dissection of a LITA graft to the left anterior descending artery, which was assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). OCT was superior in visualizing the disrupted flap, false lumen, and intramural hematoma, but it did not visualize the full extent of the vessel wall. In contrast, IVUS allowed more complete and deeper vessel visualization, and thus better appreciation of the extent of intramural hematoma. Combined use of these two modalities provides complementary details on imaging of a LITA dissection.

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