意図記憶における自己選択効果と選択規準─ 生存，自己準拠及びメタ記憶規準─意図記憶における自己選択効果と選択規準─ 生存，自己準拠及びメタ記憶規準─AN00181081 The Self-Choice Effects in Intentional Memory and Criteria of Choosing : Survival, Self-reference and Meta-memory Criteria
Three experiments were carried out to compare the effectiveness of types of criteria of choosing on self-choice effects in intentional memory. All experiments had both the self-choice and the forcedchoice conditions. In Experiment I, participants were required to choose and remember one of paired words based on the self-reference and the meta-memory criteria in the self-choice condition. The selfreference criterion led to a better free recall than the meta-memory one. In Experiment II, they were required to choose and remember one of paired words based on the survival and the meta-memory criteria. The survival criterion led to a better free recall than the meta-memory one. This result was interpreted as showing that the survival criterion was effective to integrate the chosen words into cognitive structure, and that the self-reference criterion was also more effective than the meta-memory criterion. In Experiment III, the effect of survival criterion was in comparison with that of self-reference criterion on intentional memory. There was no difference of effects between the both types of criteria.This result was interpreted as indicating that the survival and the self-reference criteria had same effects on integrating the chosen words into one’s cognitive structure.