学術雑誌論文 Effects of Ascorbyl-2-phosphate Magnesium on Human Keratinocyte Toxicity and Pathological Changes by Sorafenib

Yamamoto, Kazuhiro  ,  Shichiri, Hiroaki  ,  Ishida, Takahiro  ,  Kaku, Kenta  ,  Nishioka, Tatsuya  ,  Kume, Manabu  ,  Makimoto, Hiroo  ,  Nakagawa, Tsutomu  ,  Hirano, Takeshi  ,  Bito, Toshinori  ,  Nishigori, Chikako  ,  Yano, Ikuko  ,  Hirai, Midori

40 ( 9 )  , pp.1530 - 1536 , 2017-09 , Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
ISSN:0918615813475215
内容記述
Hand foot skin reaction is recognized as one of the most common adverse events related to multiple tyrosine kinase inhibitors, but an effective prevention method has not been identified. The chief aim of this study was to find a mechanism-based preventive method for the skin toxicity induced by sorafenib using vitamin C derivatives. The effects of ascorbyl-2-phosphate magnesium (P-VC-Mg) on the molecular and pathological changes induced by sorafenib were investigated in human keratinocyte HaCaT cells. The cell growth inhibition and apoptotic effects of sorafenib were attenuated by P-VC-Mg. Moreover, P-VC-Mg inhibited the decrease of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) phosphorylation and the expression of apoptosis suppressors treated by sorafenib. HaCaT cells transfected with the STAT3 dominant-negative form (STAT3DN) and STAT3 small interfering RNA (siRNA) combined with P-VC-Mg did not exhibit the attenuation of cell growth inhibition. Interestingly, after exposure to sorafenib in a three dimensional (3D) skin model assay, the basal layer was significantly thickened and the granular and spinous layers became thinner. In contrast, after exposure to sorafenib with P-VC-Mg, the thickness of the basal, granular, and spinous layers was similar to that of the control image. These findings suggest that P-VC-Mg attenuates sorafenibinduced apoptosis and pathological changes in human keratinocyte cells and in the 3D skin model mediated by the maintenance of STAT3 activity.
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http://www.lib.kobe-u.ac.jp/repository/90004526.pdf

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