Journal Article Mechanism of M-cell differentiation accelerated by proliferation of indigenous bacteria in rat Peyer's patches

Yuasa, Hideto  ,  Mantani, Youhei  ,  Masuda, Natsumi  ,  Nishida, Miho  ,  Arai, Masaya  ,  Yokoyama, Toshifumi  ,  Tsuruta, Hiroki  ,  Kawano, Junichi  ,  Hoshi, Nobuhiko  ,  Kitagawa, Hiroshi

79 ( 11 )  , pp.1826 - 1835 , 2017-11 , Japanese Society of Veterinary Science
ISSN:0916725013477439
Description
The mechanism by which indigenous bacteria on the follicle-associated epithelium (FAE) of lymphatic follicles (LFs) accelerate the differentiation of microvillous columnar epithelial cells (MV) into M-cells was immunohistochemically investigated in rat Peyer's patches. The results showed that the number of Toll-like receptor (TLR) -4(+) M-cells was greater in the FAE with expansion of bacterial colonies (LFs with bacterial colonies on the FAE: b-LF) than the FAE without expansion of bacterial colonies (nb-LF). TLR-4 was also expressed in the striated borders of MV upstream next to M-cells in the FAE of the b-LF. TLR-4(+) vesicles were frequently detected in the cytoplasms of MV with TLR-4(+) striated borders upstream next to TLR-4(+) M-cells in the FAE of b-LF. These findings suggest that TLR-4(+) MV take up TLR-4 ligands and differentiate into M-cells in the b-LF. Neither the distribution of RANK nor that of RANKL was coincident with that of M-cells in the b-LF. Moreover, RANK, but not RANKL, was expressed in intestinal villi, whereas cleaved caspase-3 was immunonegative in the MV and M-cells of the FAE, unlike in villous epithelial cells. Therefore, RANK/RANKL signaling in the LF might contribute to the down-regulation of epithelial apoptosis to facilitate the differentiation of MV into M-cells in rat Peyer's patches.
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