学術雑誌論文 Method for measuring tri-axial lumbar motion angles using wearable sheet stretch sensors

Yamamoto, Akio  ,  Nakamoto, Hiroyuki  ,  Yamaji, Tokiya  ,  Ootaka, Hideo  ,  Bessho, Yusuke  ,  Nakamura, Ryo  ,  Ono, Rei

12 ( 10 )  , p.e0183651 , 2017-10-11 , Public Library Science
ISSN:1932620319326203
内容記述
Background Body movements, such as trunk flexion and rotation, are risk factors for low back pain in occupational settings, especially in healthcare workers. Wearable motion capture systems are potentially useful to monitor lower back movement in healthcare workers to help avoid the risk factors. In this study, we propose a novel system using sheet stretch sensors and investigate the system validity for estimating lower back movement. Methods Six volunteers (female: male = 1: 1, mean age: 24.8± 4.0 years, height 166.7 ± 5.6 cm, weight 56.3 ± 7.6 kg) participated in test protocols that involved executing seven types of movements. The movements were three uniaxial trunk movements (i.e., trunk flexion-extension, trunk side-bending, and trunk rotation) and four multiaxial trunk movements (i.e., flexion + rotation, flexion + side-bending, side-bending + rotation, and moving around the cranial-caudal axis). Each trial lasted for approximately 30 s. Four stretch sensors were attached to each participant's lower back. The lumbar motion angles were estimated using simple linear regression analysis based on the stretch sensor outputs and compared with those obtained by the optical motion capture system. Results The estimated lumbar motion angles showed a good correlation with the actual angles, with correlation values of r = 0.68 (SD = 0.35), r = 0.60 (SD = 0.19), and r = 0.72 (SD = 0.18) for the flexion-extension, side bending, and rotation movements, respectively (all P < 0.05). The estimation errors in all three directions were less than 3°. Conclusion The stretch sensors mounted on the back provided reasonable estimates of the lumbar motion angles. The novel motion capture system provided three directional angles without capture space limits. The wearable system possessed great potential to monitor the lower back movement in healthcare workers and helping prevent low back pain.
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http://www.lib.kobe-u.ac.jp/repository/90004327.pdf

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