Journal Article Newly characterized interaction stabilizes DNA structure: oligoethylene glycols stabilize G-quadruplexes CH–π interactions

Tateishi-Karimata, Hisae  ,  Ohyama, Tatsuya  ,  Muraoka, Takahiro  ,  Podbevsek, Peter  ,  Wawro, Adam M.  ,  Tanaka, Shigenori  ,  Nakano, Shu-ichi  ,  Kinbara, Kazushi  ,  Plavec, Janez  ,  Sugimoto, Naoki

45 ( 12 )  , pp.7021 - 7030 , 2017-07-07 , Oxford University Press (OUP)
ISSN:0305104813624962
Description
Oligoethylene glycols are used as crowding agents in experiments that aim to understand the effects of intracellular environments on DNAs. Moreover, DNAs with covalently attached oligoethylene glycols are used as cargo carriers for drug delivery systems. To investigate how oligoethylene glycols interact with DNAs, we incorporated deoxythymidine modified with oligoethylene glycols of different lengths, such as tetraethylene glycol (TEG), into DNAs that form antiparallel G-quadruplex or hairpin structures such that the modified residues were incorporated into loop regions. Thermodynamic analysis showed that because of enthalpic differences, the modified G-quadruplexes were stable and the hairpin structures were slightly unstable relative to unmodified DNA. The stability of G-quadruplexes increased with increasing length of the ethylene oxides and the number of deoxythymidines modified with ethylene glycols in the G-quadruplex. Nuclear magnetic resonance analyses and molecular dynamics calculations suggest that TEG interacts with bases in the G-quartet and loop via CH-pi and lone pair-pi interactions, although it was previously assumed that oligoethylene glycols do not directly interact with DNAs. The results suggest that numerous cellular co-solutes likely affect DNA function through these CH-pi and lone pair-pi interactions.
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