Journal Article Infinite violation of Bell inequalities in inflation

Kanno, Sugumi  ,  Soda, Jiro

96 ( 8 )  , p.083501 , 2017-10-03 , American Physical Society (APS)
ISSN:2470001024700029
Description
We study the violation of Bell-Mermin-Klyshko (BMK) inequalities in initial quantum states of scalar fields in inflation. We show that the Bell inequality is maximally violated by the Bunch-Davies vacuum which is a two-mode squeezed state of a scalar field. However, we find that the violation of the BMK inequalities does not increase with the number of modes to measure. We then consider a non-Bunch-Davies vacuum expressed by a four-mode squeezed state of two scalar fields. Remarkably, we find that the violation of the BMK inequalities increases exponentially with the number of modes to measure. This shows that the BMK inequalities are useful to classify the initial quantum state of the Universe.
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