Journal Article Two-step photocurrent generation enhanced by miniband formation in InAs/GaAs quantum dot superlattice intermediate-band solar cells

Watanabe, Sho  ,  Asahi, Shigeo  ,  Kada, Tomoyuki  ,  Hirao, Kazuki  ,  Kaizu, Toshiyuki  ,  Harada, Yukihiro  ,  Kita, Takashi

110 ( 19 )  , p.193104 , 2017-05-08 , AIP Publishing
ISSN:0003695110773118
Description
We studied the effects of miniband formation on the photocurrent generated by two-step intersubband absorption in an intermediate-band solar cell incorporating an InAs/GaAs quantum dot superlattice (QDSL). The two-step photocarrier generation increases with the electronic state coupling of InAs QDSLs in the intrinsic layer. Because carriers that are excited into the superlattice minibands spatially separate in an internal electric field, the electron-hole recombination rate for the photoexcited carriers decreases, and therefore, the electron lifetime increases. The long-lived electrons in the intermediate states of the QDSL miniband increase the intersubband absorption strength. We confirmed a systematic sensitive change in the two-step photocurrent generation depending on the miniband formation controlled by the temperature.
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