||Preventive effects of cilostazol against the development of shunt-dependent hydrocephalus after subarachnoid hemorrhage
Objective Chronic hydrocephalus develops in association with the induction of tenascin-C (TNC), a matricellular protein, after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The aim of this study was to examine if cilostazol, a selective inhibitor of phosphodiesterase Type III, suppresses the development of chronic hydrocephalus by inhibiting TNC induction in aneurysmal SAH patients. Methods The authors retrospectively reviewed the factors influencing the development of chronic shunt-dependent hydrocephalus in 87 patients with Fisher Grade 3 SAH using multivariate logistic regression analyses. Cilostazol (50 or 100 mg administered 2 or 3 times per day) was administered from the day following aneurysmal obliteration according to the preference of the attending neurosurgeon. As a separate study, the effects of different dosages of cilostazol on the serum TNC levels were chronologically examined from Days 1 to 12 in 38 SAH patients with Fisher Grade 3 SAH. Resu lts Chronic hydrocephalus occurred in 12 of 36 (33.3%), 5 of 39 (12.8%), and 1 of 12 (8.3%) patients in the 0 mg/day, 100 to 200 mg/day, and 300 mg/day cilostazol groups, respectively. The multivariate analyses showed that older age (OR 1.10, 95% CI 1.13–1.24; p = 0.012), acute hydrocephalus (OR 23.28, 95% CI 1.75–729.83; p = 0.016), and cilostazol (OR 0.23, 95% CI 0.05–0.93; p = 0.038) independently affected the development of chronic hydrocephalus. Higher dosages of cilostazol more effectively suppressed the serum TNC levels through Days 1 to 12 post-SAH. Conclus ions Cilostazol may prevent the development of chronic hydrocephalus and reduce shunt surgery, possibly by the inhibition of TNC induction after SAH.
本文 / Departments of Neurosurgery, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine