||A Proposal for the “Input-Question Model” ： Advantages and Disadvantages of Interaction between Students and a Teacher in Classrooms
This paper investigates the effects of “Input-Question Model (I-QM)” which is a new teaching method designed by the author. I-QM is based on Swain’s idea (Swain, 2005) of the necessity of considerable output with comprehensible input along with Krashen’s “i+1” (Krashen, 1982). I-QM exercise is a kind of interaction between a teacher and class. When a teacher asks questions to a class, all of the students in class simultaneously answer the teacher. The study confirmed six following points: (1) I-QM is a feasible communicative exercise in class, (2) I-QM works better than Teacher-Student(s) interaction to improve students’ general conversational skills, (3) I-QM increases both students’ concentration on input from teachers and the amount of student output, (4) It is a stabile exercise, (5) It is effective for all students in class, and (6) I-QM requires extra encouragement by teachers because students feel shy when answering vocally. Although this study is a first step in exploring I-QM, the continued use of I-QM will bring more findings which will contribute to the research areas of teaching communicative languages.
三重大学大学院 教育学研究科 博士前期課程 教育科学専攻 人文・社会系教育領域