学術雑誌論文 Genomic copy number variation analysis in multiple system atrophy

Hama, Yuka  ,  Katsu, Masataka  ,  Takigawa, Ichigaku  ,  Yabe, Ichiro  ,  Matsushima, Masaaki  ,  Takahashi, Ikuko  ,  Katayama, Takayuki  ,  Utsumi, Jun  ,  Sasaki, Hidenao

10p.54 , 2017-11-29 , BioMed Central
ISSN:1756-6606
内容記述
Genomic variation includes single-nucleotide variants, small insertions or deletions (indels), and copy number variants (CNVs). CNVs affect gene expression by altering the genome structure and transposable elements within a region. CNVs are greater than 1 kb in size; hence, CNVs can produce more variation than can individual single-nucleotide variations that are detected by next-generation sequencing. Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is an α-synucleinopathy adult-onset disorder. Pathologically, it is characterized by insoluble aggregation of filamentous α-synuclein in brain oligodendrocytes. Generally, MSA is sporadic, although there are rare cases of familial MSA. In addition, the frequencies of the clinical phenotypes differ considerably among countries. Reports indicate that genetic factors play roles in the mechanisms involved in the pathology and onset of MSA. To evaluate the genetic background of this disorder, we attempted to determine whether there are differences in CNVs between patients with MSA and normal control subjects. We found that the number of CNVs on chromosomes 5, 22, and 4 was increased in MSA; 3 CNVs in non-coding regions were considered risk factors for MSA. Our results show that CNVs in non-coding regions influence the expression of genes through transcription-related mechanisms and potentially increase subsequent structural alterations of chromosomes. Therefore, these CNVs likely play roles in the molecular mechanisms underlying MSA.
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https://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/68334/3/13041_2017_335_MOESM2_ESM.pptx

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