学術雑誌論文 Paternal phylogeographic structure of the brown bear (Ursus arctos) in northeastern Asia and the effect of male-mediated gene flow to insular populations

Hirata, Daisuke  ,  Mano, Tsutomu  ,  Abramov, Alexei V.  ,  Baryshnikov, Gennady F.  ,  Kosintsev, Pavel A.  ,  Murata, Koichi  ,  Masuda, Ryuichi

3p.21 , 2017-11-30 , BioMed Central
ISSN:2056-306X
内容記述
Background: Sex-biased dispersal is widespread among mammals, including the brown bear (Ursus arctos). Previous phylogeographic studies of the brown bear based on maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA have shown intraspecific genetic structuring around the northern hemisphere. The brown bears on Hokkaido Island, northern Japan, comprise three distinct maternal lineages that presumably immigrated to the island from the continent in three different periods. Here, we investigate the paternal genetic structure across northeastern Asia and assess the connectivity among and within intraspecific populations in terms of male-mediated gene flow. Results: We analyzed paternally inherited Y-chromosomal DNA sequence data and Y-linked microsatellite data of 124 brown bears from Hokkaido, the southern Kuril Islands (Kunashiri and Etorofu), Sakhalin, and continental Eurasia (Kamchatka Peninsula, Ural Mountains, European Russia, and Tibet). The Hokkaido brown bear population is paternally differentiated from, and lacked recent genetic connectivity with, the continental Eurasian and North American populations. We detected weak spatial genetic structuring of the paternal lineages on Hokkaido, which may have arisen through male-mediated gene flow among natal populations. In addition, our results suggest that the different dispersal patterns between male and female brown bears, combined with the founder effect and subsequent genetic drift, contributed to the makeup of the Etorofu Island population, in which the maternal and paternal lineages show different origins. Conclusions: Brown bears on Hokkaido and the adjacent southern Kuril Islands experienced different maternal and paternal evolutionary histories. Our results indicate that sex-biased dispersal has played a significant role in the evolutionary history of the brown bear in continental populations and in peripheral insular populations, such as on Hokkaido, the southern Kuril Islands, and Sakhalin.
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https://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/68296/11/Zool%20Lett3%2021.pdf

https://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/68296/10/additionalfile1%20Figure%20S1-S5.pdf

https://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/68296/9/Figure%20S1.pdf

https://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/68296/8/Figure%20S2.pdf

https://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/68296/7/Figure%20S3.pdf

https://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/68296/6/Figure%20S4.pdf

https://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/68296/5/Figure%20S5.pdf

https://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/68296/4/Table%20S1.xls

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https://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/68296/2/Table%20S3.xls

https://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/68296/1/Table%20S4.xls

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