||子どもが学びに向かう姿の研究 : １人の子どもの学びに向かう姿の変化に注目して
A research of the appearances of a child who is learning : focusing on the changes of one child
114 , 2017-12-22 , 北海道大学大学院教育学研究院
This research attempts to grasp the appearances of a child who is learning by focusing on his changes to explore how a child learns.
I participated in a class of a public elementary school for almost 2 years, and observed the children who were learning. Three episodes described in this paper were all taken from my actual experiences. In these episodes I focused on a boy named K who was in 5th grade.
I used Episode Description as a research methodology to sense the appearances of K intersubjectively and to grasp his learning.
K changed the way to deal with his own opinions and others through the experiences of learning with other children and changed his attitude toward learning. It seems that he changed from active to passive in learning at a first glance. But from his expressions and utterances, we can acknowledge the deepening of his learning as well as his joy for learning. It is one example of how a child changes the meaning of his participation in class.
The changes were found not only in K but also in other children. They changed their attitude to interact with K and to express their opinions. They influenced each other and changed little by little.
It can be said that the significance of this research is that it was able to capture the concrete appearances of a child who is learning from his actual gestures and small changes by using Episode Description.